Nios Indian Culture and Heritage (223) Free Solved TMA Assignment 2021-22

NIOS Indian Culture and Heritage 223 ENG Solved TMA
INTRODUCTION

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Question And Answer

1. Answer any one of the following questions in about 40-60 words.
(a) Examine any two similarities of culture and civilization. (See Lesson-1)

Ans: Following similarities of culture and civilization:
(i) Culture is changeable. It keeps on changing with time.
(ii) Culture is the highest stage of civilization.

CULTURE:
(i) Civilization is variable. This also happens culture over time.
(ii) High stage change of civilizational.


2. Answer any one of the following questions in about 40-60 words.
(b) List four fundamental Principles of Islam. (See Lesson 4)

Ans: The fundamental principle of Islam is:

Tawheed: People of Islam religion believe in Allah. They believe that Allah is through every problem will cross.
Namaz: Five-time prayer in slam religion is obligatory.
Roza: It is a duty in Islam Are a month fasting keep of religion.
Zakat: Giving some percentage of one’s capital in charity is called zakat.


3. Answer any one of the following questions in about 40-60 words.
(a) Interpret the non-material aspects of culture. (See Lesson-2)

Ans:
(i) Non Material cultures are intangible. It is difficult to measure and these cultures are complex.
(ii) Evaluating its usefulness and benefits is a difficult task. And the change in non-material culture is very slow.
(iii)When Non-material culture is adopted from one place to another, then there must be little change in its form.


4. Answer any one of the following questions in about 100 to 150 words.
(a) 'Sufi and shakti movement were the two faces of the same coin.' Justify the statement. (See Lesson-4)

Ans:
(i) Sufi and Shakti movements were two sides of the same coin as both the movements emphasized the same thing.
(ii) Worshiping God or Allah, worshiping and donating to help the poor.
(iii) The Sufi movement was a socio-religious movement from the 14th to the 16th century and the Shakti movement was a proud religious movement in the history of India. These two movements are similar to each other.
(iv) The great men who were in both the Sufi movement and the Shakti movement, they all said many things like believing in God and Allah, do not harm anyone, and do not speak badly about anyone, do not hurt anyone’s heart, etc. These things were spoken in both movements.


5. Answer any one of the following questions in about 100 to 150 words.
(b) Ancient India saw the rise of two very important religions like Jainism and Buddhism which left a lasting influence on Indian life and culture. Analyse. (See Lesson-3)

Ans: The rise of buddha and Jainism in the 6th century BC was an important event whose contribution has been unforgettable. Both religions have greatly influenced the Indian cultural life. There have been elements of equality as well as inequality in both these religions, due to which Jain religion is not spread more widely than Buddhism. We can see it in the following form

Elements Of Equality:

  • Both the religions opposed the Vedic rituals and the apouruseta of Vedas.
  • Both religions emphasized non-Violence and Virtue.
  • Karmaism, reincarnation, and Salvation were included in both religions.
  • Emphasis was laid on the establishment of monk associations for propagation in both the religion.
  • The originators of both received patrons from Kshatriya rulers.
  • In the beginning, both opposed the Sanskrit language, the promoters of both religions gave their teachings in the language of the common man.

Elements Of Inequality:

  • Buddhism did not believe in the soul, whereas Jainism had its predominance.
  • Non-Violence and aparigraha have been emphasized more in Jainism than Buddism, in this context their views were extreme.
  • Nudity was considered compulsory in Jainism which was absent in Buddhism.
  • The manner in which Kuathaghat was done by Gautam Budhha on the existing evils in the then society, was not done by Mahavira in the same way.

6. Prepare any one project out of the given below:
(a) During the medieval period two new religious faiths flourished in India : i.e. Sikhism and Zoroastrianism. These religion have influenced our society. Keeping this in mind, make a report containing at least 4 teachings of those religion. List and write about their important religious place or places. (See Lesson-4)

Ans: Sikhism: Sikhism or Sikhi is an Indian Dharmic religion that originated in the Punjab region of the Indian Subcontinent around the end of the 15th Century CE.

Sikhism Guru’s:

  1. Guru Nanak Dev Ji
  2. Guru Angad Dev Ji
  3. Guru Amar Dev Ji
  4. Guru Ram Dev Ji
  5. Guru Arhan Dev Ji
  6. Guru Har Gobind Sahib Ji
  7. Guru Har Rai ji
  8. Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji
  9. Guru Gibind Singh Ji
  10. Guru Granth Sahib Ji

4 Teachings Of Sikhism:

  1. Every Sikh man and woman should have reverence in the words and teachings of the ten Guru Sahibans, the Guru Granth Sahib and the ten Gurus.
  2. Sikh Chant Wahe Guru’s name and recite Vania at Amritvela.
  3. The influence of Gurbani is respect when the Guru Granth Sahib ride Comes to the Gurudwara.
  4. Every Sikh should stand in respect when the Guru Granth Sahib ride Comes to the Gurudwara.

Sikh Religious Places:

  1. Gurdwara Harmandir Sahib Singh (Punjab)
  2. Gurdwara Sri Hemkunt Sahib (Uttarakhand)
  3. Hazur Sahib Gurdwara (Maharashtra)
  4. Gurdwara Paonta Sahib (Himachal Pradesh)
  5. Sis Ganj Gurdwara (Delhi)
  6. Fatehgarh Sahib (Punjab)
  7. Takht Sri Damdama Sahib (Pinjab)
  8. Gurdwara Manikaran Sahib (Himachal Pradesh)

Zoroastrianism: Zoroastrianism or Mazdayasna is one of the world’s oldest continuously practiced religions, based on the teachings of the Indian-Speaking Prophet Zoroaster. Zoroastrianism has a dualistic cosmology of good and evil and an eschatology that predicts the ultimate conquest of evil by good.

Zoroastrianism’s Core Teaching Include:
Hope (Knowledge of God’s Low)
Wohu -Mood (love)
Kshetra (loving Service)
In Zoroastrianism, there are a limited number of angles.

Zoroastrianism’s God: Zoroaster began teaching followers to worship a single god called Ahura Mazda.

Zoroastrianism’s Worship Place: A fire temple, Agiary, Atashkadeh (Persian), Atashgah or Dar-e-Mehs


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